Why, What, When, How
We design our Curriculum very carefully to meet the needs and interests of our current learners. Underpinning everything we do is our Vision: 'Together We Grow'. This is our 'Why'.
We want every child to flourish, every child to reach their potential and every child to see themselves as a successful learner. We also want our children to see themselves as an integral part of their local and global communities, with talents and gifts that will help them to 'be the change they want to see in the world'.
We therefore design and shape our curriculum so that it is as broad and ambitious as possible.
The basic principles behind our curriculum and the learning that we provide are these:
1. Learning is a change to long-term memory
2. Our aims are to ensure that our children experience a wide breadth of study and have, but the end of each stage, long term memory of an ambitious body of knowledge.
What (our INTENT)
1. Curriculum drivers shape our curriculum breadth. They are derived from an exploration of the background of our pupils, our beliefs about high quality education and our Christian values. They are used to ensure we give our students appropriate and ambitious curriculum opportunities.
2. Cultural capital gives our pupils the vital background knowledge required to be informed and thoughtful members of
our community who understand and believe in British values.
3. Curriculum breadth is shaped by our curriculum drivers, cultural capital, subject topics and our ambition for pupils to study the best of what has been thought and said by many generations of academics and scholars.
4. Our curriculum distinguishes between subject topics and threshold concepts. Subject topics are the specific aspects of subjects that are studied.
5. Threshold concepts tie together the subject topics into meaningful schema. The same concepts are explored in a
wide breadth of topics. Through this ‘forwards-and-backwards engineering’ of the curriculum, pupils return to the
same concepts over and over, and gradually build understanding of them.
6. For each of the threshold concepts three milestones, each of which includes the procedural and semantic
knowledge pupils need to understand the threshold concepts, provide a progression model.
7. Knowledge categories in each subject give pupils a way of expressing their understanding of the threshold
Knowledge webs help pupils to relate each topic to previously studied topics and to form strong, meaningful
9. Cognitive science tell us that working memory is limited and that cognitive load is too high if pupils are rushed through content. This limits the acquisition of long-term memory. Cognitive science also tells us that in order for pupils to become creative thinkers, or have a greater depth of understanding, they must first master the basics, which takes time.
10.Within each milestone, pupils gradually progress in their procedural fluency and semantic strength through three
cognitive domains: basic, advancing and deep. The goal for pupils is to display sustained mastery at the advancing stage of understanding by the end of each milestone and for the most able to have a greater depth of understanding at the deep stage. The time-scale for sustained mastery or greater depth is, therefore, two years of study.
11.As part of our progression model we use a different pedagogical style in each of the cognitive domains of basic, advancing and deep. This is based on the research of Sweller, Kirschner and Rosenshine who argue for direct instruction in the early stages of learning and discovery-based approaches later. We use direct instruction in the basic domain and problem-based discovery in the deep domain. This is called the reversal effect.
12.Also as part of our progression model we use POP tasks (Proof of Progress) which shows our curriculum expectations in each cognitive domain.
How and When (our Implementation)
Our curriculum design is based on evidence from cognitive science, three main principles underpin this:
13.Our curriculum design is based on evidence from cognitive science; three main principles underpin it:
• Learning is most effective with spaced repetition.
• Interleaving helps pupils to discriminate between topics and aids long-term retention.
• Retrieval of previously learned content is frequent and regular, which increases both storage and retrieval
14.In addition to the three principles, we also understand that learning is invisible in the short term and that sustained
mastery takes time.
15.Our content is subject specific. We make intra-curricular links to strengthen schema.
16.Continuous provision, in the form of daily routines, replaces the teaching of some aspects of the curriculum and, in other cases, provides retrieval practice for previously learned content.
17.Because learning is a change to long-term memory, it is impossible to see impact in the short term.
18.We do, however, use probabilistic assessment based on deliberate practice. This means that we look at the practices taking place to determine whether they are appropriate, related to our goals and likely to produce results in the long run.
19.We use comparative judgement in two ways: in the tasks we set (POP tasks, see point 12) and in comparing a pupil’s work over time.
20.We use lesson observations to see if the teaching and learning (pedagogical) style matches our depth expectations (see point 11).